Portal Berita Ekonomi Jum'at, 24 Mei 2019

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Executive Brief
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New York Overtakes London as Top Financial Center

New York Overtakes London as Top Financial Center - Warta Ekonomi
WE Online, Jakarta -

New York has overtaken London as the world's most attractive financial center, a survey said on Wednesday (Sep 12), as Britain's decision to leave the European Union prompts banks to shift jobs out of the city to preserve access to Europe's single market.

Brexit poses the biggest challenge to the City of London’s finance industry since the 2007-2009 financial crisis, since it might mean banks and insurers lose access to the EU, the world’s biggest trading bloc.

New York took first place, followed by London, Hong Kong, and Singapore in the Z/Yen global financial centers index, which ranks 100 financial centers on factors such as infrastructure and access to quality staff. London's ranking fell by eight points from six months ago, the biggest decline among the top contenders. The survey's authors said this reflected the uncertainty around Britain's EU departure on March 29 next year.

"We are getting closer and closer to exit day and we still don't know whether London will be able to trade with all the other European financial centers. The fear of losing business to other centers is driving the slight decline and people are concerned about London's competitiveness," Mark Yeandle, the co-creator of the index.

Since Britain voted in 2016 to leave the EU, some of the world’s most powerful finance companies in London have begun moving staff to the EU to preserve the existing cross-border flow of trading after 2019

Brexit Exodus?

Financial services firms, which account for about 12 per cent of Britain's economic output and pay more tax than any other industry, potentially have a lot to lose from the end of unfettered access to the EU. Around 5,000 roles are expected to be shifted from London or created in the EU due to Brexit by March, a Reuters study published earlier this year found.

The head of the City of London predicted in July that 3,500 to 12,000 financial jobs would go because of Brexit in the short-term and more might disappear later. Asian competitors are closing in, with Hong Kong only three points behind London, the survey found.

Many London executives have warned that the biggest threats to London are not from other European centres but from global competitors such as New York and Hong Kong. The rankings, which are based on nearly 2,500 respondents working in the industry, provide a twice-yearly guide to the relative performance of financial centres globally.

The number of banks saying they plan to set up new EU subsidiaries after Brexit has picked up in the past year. Most major US, British and Japanese banks said they would build up operations in Frankfurt, Paris or Dublin.

Other European centres moved up in the global rankings. Zurich rose to ninth place from 16th six months ago and Frankfurt to 10th from 20th, while Amsterdam climbed to 35th place from 50th.

"London and New York have long vied for the top spot of this index and the uncertainty around the future shape of Brexit is likely to be a factor in their latest switch in positions. In a competitive world we cannot afford complacency," said Miles Celic, chief executive of the lobbying group TheCityUK.

A Bank of England official expressed optimism on Wednesday about the future. "The big point ... regardless of what happens with Brexit is that Britain will remain a global financial centre," Alex Brazier, the central bank's executive director for financial stability, told WalesOnline.

"There may be some jobs moving as firms execute their contingency plans, but I don't expect the big picture to change," he said.

Tag: New York, London

Penulis: Redaksi WE Online/Ant

Editor: Cahyo Prayogo

Foto: Unsplash/Patrick Hendry

Kurs Rupiah

Mata Uang Simbol Nilai Jual Beli
Arab Saudi Riyal SAR 1.00 3,873.11 3,833.79
British Pound GBP 1.00 18,390.47 18,203.81
China Yuan CNY 1.00 2,105.00 2,084.12
Dolar Amerika Serikat USD 1.00 14,523.00 14,379.00
Dolar Australia AUD 1.00 10,001.99 9,895.63
Dolar Hong Kong HKD 1.00 1,850.58 1,832.12
Dolar Singapura SGD 1.00 10,523.91 10,415.79
EURO Spot Rate EUR 1.00 16,239.62 16,077.16
Ringgit Malaysia MYR 1.00 3,466.11 3,429.29
Yen Jepang JPY 100.00 13,250.91 13,115.94

Ringkasan BEI

No Name Today Change Stock
1 Composite Index 6032.696 93.060 633
2 Agriculture 1370.530 9.038 21
3 Mining 1649.204 16.278 47
4 Basic Industry and Chemicals 722.627 12.743 71
5 Miscellanous Industry 1239.630 17.875 46
6 Consumer Goods 2382.807 22.091 52
7 Cons., Property & Real Estate 444.574 2.807 76
8 Infrastruc., Utility & Trans. 1101.266 30.131 74
9 Finance 1217.684 24.828 90
10 Trade & Service 796.572 4.890 156
No Code Prev Close Change %
1 LMSH 478 590 112 23.43
2 POLA 940 1,145 205 21.81
3 IIKP 56 66 10 17.86
4 BEEF 164 189 25 15.24
5 HITS 570 650 80 14.04
6 RDTX 6,000 6,800 800 13.33
7 MBTO 126 139 13 10.32
8 CNTX 535 590 55 10.28
9 OKAS 150 165 15 10.00
10 MPRO 620 680 60 9.68
No Code Prev Close Change %
1 HDFA 171 112 -59 -34.50
2 BMSR 130 86 -44 -33.85
3 MKNT 165 116 -49 -29.70
4 KONI 282 214 -68 -24.11
5 ARTA 486 380 -106 -21.81
6 POOL 2,780 2,260 -520 -18.71
7 INCF 312 254 -58 -18.59
8 DUTI 5,600 4,600 -1,000 -17.86
9 JSPT 1,245 1,040 -205 -16.47
10 BAYU 2,030 1,735 -295 -14.53
No Code Prev Close Change %
1 BBRI 3,770 3,850 80 2.12
2 MNCN 950 1,030 80 8.42
3 TLKM 3,540 3,660 120 3.39
4 BBCA 27,300 28,025 725 2.66
5 BMRI 7,300 7,575 275 3.77
6 JPFA 1,360 1,400 40 2.94
7 JAYA 140 130 -10 -7.14
8 TAMU 4,810 4,830 20 0.42
9 PTBA 2,850 2,880 30 1.05
10 MAMI 135 132 -3 -2.22